New York, July 19, 2012
Ambassador Nestor Osorio presided over one of the most tense and complex Security Council meetings this year, in a voting for a draft resolution on the situation in Syria.
The project was presented by Germany, France, Portugal, United Kingdom and the United States in order to urge the Syrian authorities and the opposition, the need to end the escalating violence and to put into practice the plan of the Joint Special Envoy for the United Nations and the League of Arab States to Syria, Mr. Kofi Annan, aimed to generate a political process, ensure respect for human rights and humanitarian assistance needed, among others.
Although the draft resolution stated the Chapter VII of the UN Charter on coercive measures, it did not contemplate the imposition of sanctions or military intervention. The objective was to give a positive impact to contribute to modify the behavior of the parties on the ground, in order to achieve a political solution that fulfills the legitimate aspirations of all sectors of Syrian society. By stating Chapter VII of the Charter expressly made a warning to the Syrian authorities, that if they do not heed the call for the cessation of violence, the Council would take more forceful measures.
The draft resolution was not adopted as a result of the negative vote of China and Russia. The project received 11 votes in favor and two abstentions (Pakistan and South Africa).