Debate: Committee 1267/1989 (Al-Qaida), Committee 1373 (Counter-Terrorism Committee) and Committee 1540 (Non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction)
(New York, November 14 2011)
Statement by H.E. Ambassador Néstor Osorio Permanent Representative of Colombia to the United Nations
I thank the Permanent Representatives of South Africa, Germany and India for their detailed reports on the activities of the Committees related to the fight against terrorism and for their effort and dynamism in leading them. The recommendations and analysis presented here deserve our careful consideration.
The Committees established pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999), 1373 (2001) and 1540 (2004) are essential mechanisms to ensure the implementation of the obligations arising from these instruments. It is therefore essential to continue to strengthen coordination of their activities, to consistently monitor their working methods and to reinforce the tools available to provide assistance and cooperation to the Member States.
The 1540 Committee has shown a positive trend in the implementation, by States, of measures to prevent nuclear, chemical and / or biological weapons and their delivery systems into the hands of armed non-state actors, and to prevent its spread by strengthening the international non proliferation regimes.
Within the developed activities, two of them deserve special emphasis: the adoption of the report pursuant to resolution 1540 (2004), submitted in accordance with the provisions of resolution 1810 (2008) and, the adoption of its Tenth Programme of Work. In addition, the four Working Groups, created in the Eighth Work Programme in 2009, on national monitoring and enforcement; assistance; cooperation with international organizations and; transparency and disclosure, have proven to be very useful in making the work of the Committee more efficient and effective.
The organization of outreach activities at the national, subregional and regional level has proven to be useful to promote the implementation by States of resolution 1540 (2004). Within this spirit, Colombia will hold in Bogotá in March 2012, an Andean workshop intended to representatives of governments, the private sector and civil society of the region. This will be a valuable opportunity to promote and facilitate interaction of Member States with international, regional and subregional organizations.
The 1540 Committee has demonstrated to be a important partner in the context of non-proliferation. Its cooperation with international, regional and subregional organizations has contributed effectively to improve border and exportations controls, technical assistance and to strengthen national capacities. We recognize, however, that much remains to be done. The severity of the threat is still significant and can only be addressed through the adoption of appropriate and effective measures.
With regard to the Committee 1267/ 1989, Colombia welcomes the reforms to the regime through Resolution 1989, aimed at improving respect for due process, transparency and quality of the information contained in the Consolidated List. In this regard, although the resolution did not call for the publication of the List in all six official languages, it is very significant that the summaries of the reasons for listing are currently available in all official languages of the United Nations.
The establishment of the Office of the Ombudsperson and the strengthening of its mandate in Resolution 1989 has been fundamental towards the strengthening and legitimacy of the regime. The number of de-listing requests processed by the Office, the reports presented to the Committee and the decisions taken to date as a result of its efforts, show that this is an essential tool that could be duplicated to all sanctions Committees.
Always to benefit of the regime, two issues remain to be further strengthened: the quality of information submitted by States when submitting names to be listed and the provision of technical assistance to States in order to facilitate the full implementation of their obligations under the resolutions.
I now want to refer to the 1373 Committee. We agree with Ambassador Puri on the relevance of the Special Meeting to celebrate the Tenth Anniversary of the adoption of Resolution 1373 and the document adopted, which reflects the issues that have consensus within the organization.
We also highlight the publication of the global study on the implementation of Resolution 1373 (2001) updated to 2011. This document provides an overview of the progress achieved in implementing the various aspects of the Resolution and analyzes the evolution and emergence of risks. It is clear that despite the deficiencies and gaps identified in the study, States have made significant progress and now have legal and operational frameworks that are best suited to deal with terrorism.
That is why the Committee should continue strengthening the dialogue with Member States, and work closely and in a coordinate manner with the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF) and other United Nations bodies, with the expertise and mandate to assist States in capacity building to implement the numerous international instruments related to the fight against terrorism, including the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and the Security Council resolutions.
We agree with the Chairman of the Committee with regards the need to continue giving particular attention to the respect for Human Rights and fundamental freedoms while countering Terrorism. On this matter, we highlight the emphasis granted in resolutions 1624 (2005) and 1963 (2010) to his critical element of international Counter terrorism efforts. Yet Colombia is convinced of the need to give more attention to the protection of the rights of victims. We must ensure that victims are heard and that States have appropriate mechanisms to make mitigate and repair their sorrow; therefore concrete measures should be promoted aimed to the protection and promotion of their rights and their recognition.
My delegation was grateful of the presentation given by the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism to the Committee and hopes that we'll enhance these exchanges and will maintain a close cooperation with his Office.
To conclude, and stressing the importance that my country confers to the defense and protection of rights of victims of terrorism, I would like to draw attention to the launch of the Handbook on the Criminal Justice Response to Support Victims of Acts of Terrorism developed by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in collaboration with some States, including Colombia. We hope that the Handbook will provide the basis for CTED activities aimed at capacity building to ensure that the voice of the victims will be heard in the criminal proceedings.
Thank you, Mr. President.