The situation on Somalia
(New York, September 14 2011)
Statement by H.E. Ambassador Néstor Osorio Permanent Representative of Colombia to the United Nations
I would like to thank the intervention of the Prime Minister of the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia, His Excellency Abdiweli Mohamed Ali, the Special Representative of the Secretary General and Head of Political Office of the United Nations for Somalia - UNPOS, Mr. Augustine Mahiga and, the Special Representative of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission for Somalia, Ambassador Boubacar Diarra Gaoussou.
Since our last session on Somalia, we have witnessed major political events and positive advances on security matters. The agreement on unity reached by the Transitional Federal Institutions at the consultative meeting of September 6 is no doubt about it, the most important political event. We welcome the role played by Mr. Mahiga and his efforts to facilitate the consultation process that led to this important agreement.
The Roadmap adopted by the numerous stakeholders and the four tasks identified as priorities to complete the transitional period in 2012 are solid pillars conducive to stabilization and unity. The Federal authorities must lead its implementation; secure the achievements on security and advance in the drafting and adoption of the Constitution, which must be accompanied by an inclusive dialogue for reconciliation.
Transparency and good governance are, likewise, essential components for national reconstruction, and will contribute to increase their legitimacy and credibility as well as to maintain the firm support of the international community. The security achievements will be more sustainable as the Transitional Federal Government strengthens its political management.
We are alarmed by the continuing deterioration of the humanitarian situation. International agencies assert that the current crisis is one of the most serious suffered by the region over the past two decades. It is important to continue working to ensure the safety and access for humanitarian agencies and that assistance reaches the most in need populations. We reiterate that the parties to the conflict are obliged to respect humanitarian principles and ensure the protection of civilians.
With the declared famine in six of the eight regions of southern Somalia, the Transitional Federal Institutions must show that they are up to the task in these difficult circumstances and that their greatest concern is to realize the immediate needs of the population. We urge them to take this opportunity to ensure the safety of civilians and do everything possible to help and protect them.
We agree with the Secretary General on the need for the international community to support the Transitional Federal Government so to enable it to uphold its responsibility to protect civilians and play a role in coordinating the provision of assistance. It is a fact that is their responsibility to demonstrate its leadership, the United Nations and the international community must continue contributing so that, under a comprehensive perspective, emergency assistance is increasingly linked to the creation of conditions for sustainable development and recovery capabilities to ensure food security and livelihoods in the long term, while contributing to the development of sustainable structures after the crisis and to prevent future emergencies.
We must continue strengthening State institutions by recognizing their primary responsibility in restoring security, political stability, rule of law and economic development. The Secretary General warns that, with the completion of the transitional period, Somalia has witnessed a proliferation of entities claiming to be regional authorities, which requires the Organization and the international community to maintain a unified dialogue, framed by the commitments and goals contained in the Roadmap and, thus, preventing the fragmentation of the State and contributing to its stabilization.
The work and presence of AMISOM is a fundamental instrument for the stabilization of Somalia. It is therefore, urgent to ensure that it counts with the necessary resources and adequate equipment to comply with its mandate and to improve the living conditions of the troops. My country supports the efforts in this regard.
To conclude, we urge the Transitional Federal Institutions to comply with the terms agreed in the Roadmap, both on the main tasks and priorities as well as deadlines and compliance mechanisms during the next 12 months. The role played by UNPOS and the joint international coordination committee is essential in this regard.
Thank you, Mr. President.